Organizations are finding an ever-more-pressing need to select people with high probabilities of adjusting to and succeeding in work situations. To understand how and why individuals frame the same set of environmental factors differently, this thorough review of personality theory and measurement in work settings isolates the specific vital impacts on behavior in industrial and organizational settings.
Chapter 4: The Measurement of Personality in Organizational Settings
In this chapter, we illustrate some strategies for measuring personality in organizational settings. We begin with a brief overview of the standards or criteria that are used to determine whether an instrument designed to measure personality is useful. We introduce and define the concepts of validity and reliability and then employ these standards to select and/or evaluate examples of the measurement instruments currently in use in organizations to measure personality. The review of personality measurement instruments here is highly selective, our intent being to present exemplars of techniques currently in use to measure traits, needs, affect, and conditional reasoning associated with the five-factor model (FFM) of personality. We present illustrations of measurement ...