Organizations are finding an ever-more-pressing need to select people with high probabilities of adjusting to and succeeding in work situations. To understand how and why individuals frame the same set of environmental factors differently, this thorough review of personality theory and measurement in work settings isolates the specific vital impacts on behavior in industrial and organizational settings.

Personality Variables

Personality variables

We defined personality in Chapter 1 as the cognitive structures and coordinated cognitive processes that determine a person's behavioral adjustments to his or her environment (see Allport, 1937; Millon, 1990). We devoted Chapter 2 to a description of how needs, social cognitions—that is, cognitive structures and cognitive processes—and characteristic behavioral adjustments (or traits) are functionally related. Our objective in this chapter is to identify the key variables in each of the primary components of personality. We begin by introducing a broad taxonomy of characteristic behavioral adjustments. Key traits are clustered or organized around five broad dimensions of behavior. We then turn our attention to identifying broad categories of the key social cognitions that govern individual differences in behavioral adjustments.

Prominent Traits in Contemporary ...

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