Organizations are finding an ever-more-pressing need to select people with high probabilities of adjusting to and succeeding in work situations. To understand how and why individuals frame the same set of environmental factors differently, this thorough review of personality theory and measurement in work settings isolates the specific vital impacts on behavior in industrial and organizational settings.
Chapter 1: The Role of Personality in Organizations
The Role of Personality in Organizations
Personality refers to dynamic mental structures and coordinated mental processes that determine individuals' emotional and behavioral adjustments to their environments (see Allport, 1937; Millon, 1990). The term dynamic suggests that personality continues to evolve throughout an individual's lifetime. Evolution for a given individual is predictable, however, for there is also considerable coherence in personality over time. For example, “mental structures” include needs, memories, and self-images. These attributes may adjust and modify to correspond to changes in activity level, development, education, occupation, marital status, health, and socioeconomic status. But we also witness consistency over time. The achievement-oriented person will continue to seek success, the conscientious person will continue to be reliable, and the aggressive person ...