Person-Centred Therapy in Focus provides a much-needed exploration of the criticisms levelled against one of the most widespread forms of therapeutic practice. Characterized by its critics as theoretically `light', culturally biased and limited in application, until now the person-centred approach has had comparatively little written in its defence. Paul Wilkins provides a rigorous and systematic response to the critics, drawing not only on the work of Carl Rogers, but also of those central to more recent developments in theory and practice (including Goff Barrett-Lennard, Dave Mearns, Jerold Bozarth, Germain Leitauer and Brian Thorne). It traces the epistemological foundations of person-centred therapy and places the approach in its social and political context. Examining the central tenets of the approach, each chapter sets out concisely the criticisms and then counters these with arguments from the person-centred perspective. Chapters cover debates in relation to: - the model of the person - self-actualization - the core conditions - non-directivity - resistance to psychopathology - reflection, and - boundary issues. Person-Centred Therapy in Focus fulfills two important purposes: firstly to answer the criticisms of those who have attacked the person-centred approach and secondly to cultivate a greater critical awareness and understanding within the approach itself. As such it makes a significant contribution to the person-centred literature and provides an excellent resource for use in training.
Chapter 6: The Core Conditions: Necessary but Insufficient?
The Core Conditions: Necessary but Insufficient?
Are There ‘Core’ Conditions?
One of the most widespread misunderstandings about person-centred theory is the assumption that, according to it, there are three ‘core conditions’ the demonstration of which is all that is needed for successful therapy. This is not so. Rogers (1957: 95–103) listed six conditions which he thought were necessary and sufficient for therapeutic change. These were essential to any successful therapy – that is, Rogers was making an integrative statement. He states that, if these conditions are present, positive change will occur regardless of the orientation of the practitioner – ‘whether we are thinking of classical psychoanalysis, or any of its modern offshoots, or Adlerian psychotherapy, or any other’ (Rogers 1957: 101). ...