Person-Centred Therapy in Focus provides a much-needed exploration of the criticisms levelled against one of the most widespread forms of therapeutic practice. Characterized by its critics as theoretically `light', culturally biased and limited in application, until now the person-centred approach has had comparatively little written in its defence. Paul Wilkins provides a rigorous and systematic response to the critics, drawing not only on the work of Carl Rogers, but also of those central to more recent developments in theory and practice (including Goff Barrett-Lennard, Dave Mearns, Jerold Bozarth, Germain Leitauer and Brian Thorne). It traces the epistemological foundations of person-centred therapy and places the approach in its social and political context. Examining the central tenets of the approach, each chapter sets out concisely the criticisms and then counters these with arguments from the person-centred perspective. Chapters cover debates in relation to: - the model of the person - self-actualization - the core conditions - non-directivity - resistance to psychopathology - reflection, and - boundary issues. Person-Centred Therapy in Focus fulfills two important purposes: firstly to answer the criticisms of those who have attacked the person-centred approach and secondly to cultivate a greater critical awareness and understanding within the approach itself. As such it makes a significant contribution to the person-centred literature and provides an excellent resource for use in training.
Chapter 3: The Underlying Epistemology: Outmoded Mid-Twentieth-Century Modernism?
The Underlying Epistemology: Outmoded Mid-Twentieth-Century Modernism?
The Philosophical/Psychological Basis for Person-Centred Counselling
The philosophical base of person-centred therapy and its relevance to a multi-cultural, twenty-first-century society has in itself been questioned and, surely, if the roots of the approach are not sound, then all its theory and practices are at least dubious? A defence against such accusations seems of primary importance.
There is an argument that, as a product of the American midwest writing in the mid-twentieth century, Rogers was in some way limited to a particular set of values and that, therefore, person-centred therapy preserves those limitations. Basically, the assumption is that the values of person-centred therapy are those of a postulated white, ‘educated’ middle class drawing on a Judaeo-Christian tradition, ...