As part of the Sage Course Companion series, this book provides a comprehensive introduction to the discipline of penology. It provides hints and tips on how to apply this information to maximum effect in coursework and examinations. This is a highly accessible text is for those new to prison studies, or for anyone looking for a refresher. It provides structure and background for all prison and punishment modules on undergraduate criminology/ criminal justice degrees. Written in a straightforward and clear style, the book gives detailed explanations for all academic terms used.

Justifications of Punishment

Justifications of punishment

Core Areas:

  • the five rules of punishment
  • punishing future crimes
  • punishing past crimes
  • thinking beyond punishment

Running Themes

  • Alternatives to prison
  • Human rights
  • Legitimacy
  • Penal reform
  • Public protection
  • Rehabilitation
  • Risk
  • Social divisions

Key penologists

Cesar Beccaria (1738–94) Considered by many scholars to be the most influential Enlightenment thinker on penal reform in Europe, Beccaria was born to Milanese nobility and studied law at the University of ...

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