Penal Systems: A Comparative Approach is a comprehensive and original introduction to the comparative study of punishment.

Analyzing twelve countries, authors Michael Cavadino and James Dignan offer an integrated and theoretically rigorous approach to comparative penology. They draw upon material provided by a team of eminent penologists to produce an important and highly readable contribution to scholarship in this area.

Early chapters introduce the reader to comparative penology, set out the theoretical framework and consider whether there is currently a ‘global penal crisis.’ Each country is then discussed in turn. Chapters on comparative youth justice and the privatization of prisons follow. Comparisons between countries are drawn within each chapter, giving the reader a synoptic and truly comparative vision of penality in different jurisdictions.

France and Italy: Corporatism and Catholicism

France and Italy: Corporatism and Catholicism

France and Italy: Corporatism and catholicism

Two neighbouring countries on the main continent of Europe, with much in common but some striking differences. Their languages are Romance, their religion is overwhelmingly Roman Catholic, and their urbanites pride themselves on their style, sophistication, cuisine, fashion and general sexiness. They have similar size populations (an estimated 59 and 56 million in France and Italy, respectively in 2002) and GDPs ($1.45 and $1.27 trillions respectively in 2000). (In each of these latter respects, both countries are similar to the UK − 59 million and $1.36 trillion.) Their prison populations are also similar − 64,813 in France in July 2004 and 56,574 in Italy in September 2002, representing 109 and 100 inmates per 100,000 ...

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