Penal Systems: A Comparative Approach is a comprehensive and original introduction to the comparative study of punishment.

Analyzing twelve countries, authors Michael Cavadino and James Dignan offer an integrated and theoretically rigorous approach to comparative penology. They draw upon material provided by a team of eminent penologists to produce an important and highly readable contribution to scholarship in this area.

Early chapters introduce the reader to comparative penology, set out the theoretical framework and consider whether there is currently a ‘global penal crisis.’ Each country is then discussed in turn. Chapters on comparative youth justice and the privatization of prisons follow. Comparisons between countries are drawn within each chapter, giving the reader a synoptic and truly comparative vision of penality in different jurisdictions.

Australia and New Zealand: Neo-Liberal Punitiveness Down Under

Australia and New Zealand: Neo-Liberal Punitiveness Down Under

Australia and New Zealand: Neo-liberal punitiveness down under

Australia and New Zealand are two English-speaking countries, neighbours in the southern hemisphere, with similar and interlocked histories, cultures and political systems. New Zealand has the smallest population of all our sample of nations (around 4 million souls at present) while Australia's current population of around 20 million1 is fifth smallest out of our eleven countries. Both countries have been becoming distinctly more punitive in recent years, especially New Zealand.2 Australia's overall imprisonment rate increased from seventy prisoners per 100,000 population in 1986 to 116 in 2001 (115 in 2002), overtaking Italy, France, Germany and Finland in this time. New Zealand began with a higher imprisonment rate of 82 in ...

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