Penal Systems: A Comparative Approach is a comprehensive and original introduction to the comparative study of punishment.

Analyzing twelve countries, authors Michael Cavadino and James Dignan offer an integrated and theoretically rigorous approach to comparative penology. They draw upon material provided by a team of eminent penologists to produce an important and highly readable contribution to scholarship in this area.

Early chapters introduce the reader to comparative penology, set out the theoretical framework and consider whether there is currently a ‘global penal crisis.’ Each country is then discussed in turn. Chapters on comparative youth justice and the privatization of prisons follow. Comparisons between countries are drawn within each chapter, giving the reader a synoptic and truly comparative vision of penality in different jurisdictions.

England and Wales: Stop-Go and the Upwards Zig-Zag

England and Wales: Stop-go and the upwards zig-zag

Material removed from this electronic book due to restricted rights.

‘Stop-go policy’ is a phrase sometimes used by commentators to describe (and insult) the economic policies of governments. It means that a variety of fiscal and other measures are employed to encourage growth in the national economy when it is felt to be expanding too slowly, and then the brakes are slammed on when it starts threatening to grow too fast. For all its faults, this is a policy that has a certain rational basis: the government has a fairly clear, fairly consistent idea of what amount of growth is desirable, safe and sustainable and it tries to fine-tune the economy ...

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