Penal Systems: A Comparative Approach is a comprehensive and original introduction to the comparative study of punishment.

Analyzing twelve countries, authors Michael Cavadino and James Dignan offer an integrated and theoretically rigorous approach to comparative penology. They draw upon material provided by a team of eminent penologists to produce an important and highly readable contribution to scholarship in this area.

Early chapters introduce the reader to comparative penology, set out the theoretical framework and consider whether there is currently a ‘global penal crisis.’ Each country is then discussed in turn. Chapters on comparative youth justice and the privatization of prisons follow. Comparisons between countries are drawn within each chapter, giving the reader a synoptic and truly comparative vision of penality in different jurisdictions.

Neo-Liberal Youth Justice Systems

Neo-liberal youth justice systems

Generalizing broadly, we will see that neo-liberal youth justice systems are the most divergent and also, in many ways, the most volatile of all. Nevertheless, a number of broad tendencies can be discerned. Firstly, the effect of the welfare approach has been far more uneven within this group of countries than in most other types of penal polity. Secondly, irrespective of its original impact, the welfare approach has shown far less endurance in neo-liberal than in most other types of youth justice systems. Thirdly, neo-liberal youth justice systems have been particularly receptive to the justice model.1 And finally, with the singular and fascinating exception of New Zealand, neo-liberal youth justice systems have in recent years shown a far ...

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