Penal Systems: A Comparative Approach is a comprehensive and original introduction to the comparative study of punishment.

Analyzing twelve countries, authors Michael Cavadino and James Dignan offer an integrated and theoretically rigorous approach to comparative penology. They draw upon material provided by a team of eminent penologists to produce an important and highly readable contribution to scholarship in this area.

Early chapters introduce the reader to comparative penology, set out the theoretical framework and consider whether there is currently a ‘global penal crisis.’ Each country is then discussed in turn. Chapters on comparative youth justice and the privatization of prisons follow. Comparisons between countries are drawn within each chapter, giving the reader a synoptic and truly comparative vision of penality in different jurisdictions.

Comparative Youth Justice

Comparative Youth Justice

Comparative youth justice

The very emergence of a separate ‘youth justice system’ that is distinct from the adult criminal justice system is perhaps one of the earliest examples of a globalizing tendency at work within the penological realm. Indeed, it seems highly probable that the adoption of specific social control measures from the nineteenth century onwards for dealing with problematic groups of young people may be associated with much broader processes of industrialization, urbanization and contemporary developments in the social sciences that fostered new ideas about childhood. More recently there have been a number of international texts calling for the adoption of common strategies for dealing with juvenile delinquency.1 Not surprisingly, perhaps, some (e.g. Dünkel, 1998; Dünkel et al., 1997) have sought to ...

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