Penal Systems: A Comparative Approach is a comprehensive and original introduction to the comparative study of punishment.
Analyzing twelve countries, authors Michael Cavadino and James Dignan offer an integrated and theoretically rigorous approach to comparative penology. They draw upon material provided by a team of eminent penologists to produce an important and highly readable contribution to scholarship in this area.
Early chapters introduce the reader to comparative penology, set out the theoretical framework and consider whether there is currently a ‘global penal crisis.’ Each country is then discussed in turn. Chapters on comparative youth justice and the privatization of prisons follow. Comparisons between countries are drawn within each chapter, giving the reader a synoptic and truly comparative vision of penality in different jurisdictions.
Patterns of Penality?
In Part 1 we saw that our selected countries may be differentiated according to their political, social and economic arrangements, their material circumstances and also their ideological predilections. We argued that, at least in general terms, it is possible to relate the different types of political, economic and-social cultures to which each country belongs to significant penological differences between them. Thus, the countries we have been examining offer striking contrasts with regard to their penal ideologies and the schools of penal thought to which they subscribe, the nature of their penality and also their specific forms of penal practice, including the degrees of punitiveness with which they are each associated. In this part of the book we extend this analysis ...