• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Johan Galtung, one of the founders of modern peace studies, provides a wide-ranging panorama of the ideas, theories and assumptions on which the study of peace is based. The book is organized in four parts, each examining the one of the four major theoretical approaches to peace. The first part covers peace theory, exploring the epistemological assumptions of peace. In Part Two conflict theory is examined with an exploration of nonviolent and creative handling of conflict. Developmental theory is discussed in Part Three, exploring structural violence, particularly in the economic field, together with a consideration of the ways of overcoming that violence. The fourth part is devoted to civilization theory.

Conflict Transformations
Conflict transformations
The Formation/Transformation/Deformation Dialectic

In a conflict there is, somewhere, a contradiction. And in a contradiction there is, somewhere, dynamism. The Daoist idea of yin/yang, one waxing, one waning, in search of a harmony point is, as is said about causality, not a law but the form of a law.1 At the very least it can help us see conflict as something ever-changing, ever dynamic. One may be absorbed in harmony; the other opens up. We have an intellectual handle on the conflict when we can describe the conflict formation, i.e. answer the question: which are the m, actors/parties, which are the n, goals, which are the incompatibilities, the contradictions? But the conflict formation is slippery: as we describe it, transformations are taking place ...

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