Johan Galtung, one of the founders of modern peace studies, provides a wide-ranging panorama of the ideas, theories and assumptions on which the study of peace is based. The book is organized in four parts, each examining the one of the four major theoretical approaches to peace. The first part covers peace theory, exploring the epistemological assumptions of peace. In Part Two conflict theory is examined with an exploration of nonviolent and creative handling of conflict. Developmental theory is discussed in Part Three, exploring structural violence, particularly in the economic field, together with a consideration of the ways of overcoming that violence. The fourth part is devoted to civilization theory.
Chapter 5: The State System: Dissociative, Associative, Confederal, Federal, Unitary – or a Lost Case?
Development Theory: An Approach across Spaces
Development Theory in Crisis
Development theory has in principle to be a holistic approach to the human condition, and dynamic, as the very word indicates. Development studies share holism with such approaches as peace studies, environment studies, future studies, and women's studies – all of them relatively recent, and all of them also reactions against the fragmentation of the study of the human condition into a multitude of specialties and disciplines – also disciplining the disciples.
However, practice has become sadly different. Instead of holism, there has been a focus on only the economic aspects of only the Social space of human existence; instead of dynamism in an endogenous sense, there has been a focus on ...