• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

This book takes a crtitical look at employee participation in organizational decision making. It is the first book to do this by integrating into one source the various facts, theories, and applications concerning participation and empowerment in organizational settings. Through the extensive use of graphs and tables, the book traces the origins of worker participation in management and decision making, examines the repertoire of empowerment and participatory techniques as applied throughout the world, and assesses, by means of empirical evidence, which technique works best.

Overview: The Present and Future of Participation and Empowerment
Overview: The present and future of participation and empowerment

The purpose of this concluding chapter is to integrate the diverse issues raised in the previous sections of the book and to paint a clearer and more differentiated picture of participative decision making (PDM) and empowerment, in the present and the future. The following discussion concentrates on three primary topics. First, participative processes that were analyzed throughout the book at the dyadic and group levels are depicted here using additional levels of analysis. Second, summarizing the empirical evidence on PDM and empowerment, we encounter a paradox. On one hand, the work-centered approach to participation is superior to alternative, “ideological” approaches to participation, in terms of productivity and effectiveness. ...

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