Pain is a challenging area to understand for any healthcare professional, and quality training on the subject is required if nurses are to provide effective pain management and person-centred care. Based on the curriculum developed by the International Association for the Study of Pain, this book offers an essential guide to managing pain. It begins with an examination of the biology of pain, and then goes on to consider pain management across the lifecourse, looking at key topics including acute pain, cancer pain and pharmacology. Case scenarios are included throughout the book to help readers apply the knowledge they have learned to their own practice.It will be valuable reading for undergraduate nurses, and essential for those taking continuing professional development and postgraduate courses in pain management.
Chapter 12: Stress Management and Nonpharmacological Interventions for Pain
Stress Management and Nonpharmacological Interventions for Pain
The learning objectives of this chapter are to:
- know the mechanisms of stress that are most relevant to human stress and illness
- understand the role of cognitive behavioural therapies in pain management
- recognize that relaxation therapies can be easily learned and taught by nurses
- be familiar with some evidence-based complementary therapies useful for pain management
This chapter looks at theories of stress and their relevance to pain and to nonpharmacological interventions for pain management. The rationale for nonpharmacological interventions in pain management (alongside prescribed pharmacological interventions) is to reduce distress and anxiety, increase comfort levels and the sense of control for the person with pain. Cognitive behavioural therapies equip patients with techniques to relieve stress ...