Pain is a challenging area to understand for any healthcare professional, and quality training on the subject is required if nurses are to provide effective pain management and person-centred care. Based on the curriculum developed by the International Association for the Study of Pain, this book offers an essential guide to managing pain. It begins with an examination of the biology of pain, and then goes on to consider pain management across the lifecourse, looking at key topics including acute pain, cancer pain and pharmacology. Case scenarios are included throughout the book to help readers apply the knowledge they have learned to their own practice.It will be valuable reading for undergraduate nurses, and essential for those taking continuing professional development and postgraduate courses in pain management.

Pain Management in Palliative Care and at End of Life

Pain management in palliative care and at end of life

Learning Objectives

The learning objectives of this chapter are to:

  • know the definition, rationale for and goals of palliative care across the life span
  • recognize that palliative care relieves pain and suffering for patients with malignant and non-malignant incurable diseases
  • understand that optimal communication skills and symptom control are the core principles of palliative care
  • understand the role of nursing in addressing patient and family care needs

Introduction

This chapter discusses palliative and end-of-life care for all chronic, incurable diseases, malignant and non-malignant, which have proven resistant to curative treatment. The term ‘palliative’ is derived from the latin ‘palliare’, meaning ‘to cloak’; the verb ‘palliate’ is based on the noun ‘pallium’, ‘a ...

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