This book examines the evolving health care delivery systems and the role of nursing within the rural context. Divided into three parts including perspectives from experts in Australia and Canada, the book covers the foundations of rural nursing, special populations, and future perspectives. Students of nursing will find special features in each chapter such as a list of objectives, key terms, points to remember, suggested research activities, and discussion questions.

Special and at-Risk Rural Populations

Special and at-risk rural populations

Key Terms

  • Risk
  • At risk
  • Disenfranchisement
  • Distributive justice
  • Hardiness
  • Poverty threshold
  • Poverty guidelines
  • Medical indigence
  • Vulnerability
  • Intergenerational poverty
  • Resiliency
  • Poverty


After reading this chapter, you will be able to

  • Differentiate terms used to describe special populations.
  • Characterize the health concerns of at-risk populations living in rural regions.
  • Examine factors that contribute to health disparities among rural minorities.
  • Identify individual and community resources that can counterbalance vulnerability.
  • Implement nursing interventions for special populations using the advocate, activist, case manager, educator, counselor, collaborator, partner, and researcher roles.

Essential Points to Remember

  • The terms vulnerable, at risk, special, disenfranchised, and medically indigent often are interchanged in the literature, but the words have different connotations.
  • Hardiness, resilience, and degree of access ...
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