This book examines the evolving health care delivery systems and the role of nursing within the rural context. Divided into three parts including perspectives from experts in Australia and Canada, the book covers the foundations of rural nursing, special populations, and future perspectives. Students of nursing will find special features in each chapter such as a list of objectives, key terms, points to remember, suggested research activities, and discussion questions.

Definitions of Rural and Their Implications

Definitions of rural and their implications

Key Terms

  • Standard metropolitan statistical area (SMSA)
  • Standard nonmetropolitan statistical area (non-SMSA)
  • Urban/rural/frontier
  • Farm/nonfarm residency
  • Non-SMSA county types
  • Outsourcing
  • Working poor
  • Outmigration/in-migration
  • Rural-urban continuum


After reading this chapter, you will be able to

  • Compare and contrast common federal definitions that differentiate rural from urban regions.
  • Characterize six U.S. Department of Agriculture rural county types based on a countyampnumx0027;s predominant industry.
  • Discuss the relevance of a continuum versus dichotomous definitions for rural/urban.
  • Analyze the implications for nursing of having multiple definitions of rural and urban.

Essential Points to Remember

  • Definitions put forth by the federal government for rural and urban are imprecise and sometimes conflicting. A continuum approach may be better suited for describing rural-urban residency, ranging ...
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