This book examines the evolving health care delivery systems and the role of nursing within the rural context. Divided into three parts including perspectives from experts in Australia and Canada, the book covers the foundations of rural nursing, special populations, and future perspectives. Students of nursing will find special features in each chapter such as a list of objectives, key terms, points to remember, suggested research activities, and discussion questions.

Rural Nursing in the United States

Rural nursing in the United States

Key Terms

  • Urban bias
  • Swing beds
  • Advanced practice registered nurse (APRN)
  • Clinical specialist (CS)
  • Nurse practitioner (NP)
  • Certified nurse midwife (CNM)
  • Nurse anesthetist
  • Direct caregiver
  • Indirect caregiver
  • Swing-bed facility
  • Rural health clinic (RHC)
  • Student payback loans


After reading this chapter, you will be able to

  • Analyze current trends affecting the supply and demand in the rural nursing workforce.
  • Describe the role and scope of nursing in the rural U.S. health care system.
  • List federal initiatives that were designed to improve access to care in rural areas.
  • Examine rural social, cultural, and economic factors that can influence nursing practice.

Essential Points to Remember

  • Workforce projections indicate that the U.S. health care delivery system will require an additional ...
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