Organizations: Management Without Control provides a comprehensive understanding of the functions of formal organizations and the challenges they face. The most effective organizations provide members with opportunities to achieve their personal goals while pursuing the organization's objectives. Using a practical approach with minimal jargon, author Howard P. Greenwald covers the basic features of organizations such as roles, structure, reward systems, power and authority, and culture and introduces important theoretical perspectives related to these features.
Emphasizes the theme of “management without control”: This volume differs from most standard texts by highlighting both the challenges and opportunities that result from the independence of the individuals in the organization's ranks.; Stresses the importance of individual motivation and self-fulfillment: Recognizing the individual's responsibility for their own success, the book helps readers evaluate clues to whether the organization to which they belong is an adequate opportunity.; Offers a critical perspective on current fads and management ideologies: Proposing no formulaic solutions, the book provides the perspectives required to understand each organization's uniqueness and to develop remedies to issues as they arise.; Makes theory accessible through numerous real-life examples: Chapters include examples from life in business organizations, government agencies, non-profits, clubs, friendship groups, and families.; Examines multinational corporations: Challenges involved in management on an international scale are explored as the book applies the principle of individual and group independence to global matters.; Underscores multidisciplinary interest in organizations: Content is drawn from sociology, social psychology, anthropology, and management science.
This introductory textbook on formal organizations is designed for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses such as Organizational Behavior, Managing Complex Organizations, Sociology of Organizations, and Government/Non-profit Management in the departments of business, public administration, health administration, social work, sociology, and psychology.
An Instructor's Resource CD is available upon request. This CD provides PowerPoint presentations, test questions, additional examples and cases, suggested exercises, and much more!
Reward and Punishment
Reward and Punishment
To understand how reward and punishment promote compliance with role expectations, accommodation to structure, and achievement of organizational goals.
- Organizations must motivate people to obey provisions of their roles and ensure that roles are carried out in a manner consistent with the organization's structure.
- Rewards in organizations include two major types:
- Intrinsic: associated directly with the content of the role or goals of the organization
- Extrinsic: focused on sources of gratification outside the organizational role and dissociated from the organization's activities or objectives
- Pay is the most obvious reward in work organizations. But even in such organizations, rewards of other kinds are important. These include
- Companionship: opportunities to socialize with other people
- Status enhancement: prestige associated with job titles and mobility
- Task satisfaction: gratification ...