This definitive examination of a contemporary social issue asks questions such as: How much media violence is there? What are the meanings conveyed in the way violence is portrayed? What effect does it have on viewers? Divided into four parts, the book reviews research on media violence; re-examines existing theories of media violence; considers methodological tools used to assess media, and introduces the concept of Lineation Theory, a perspective and new theoretical approach explaining media violence.

Violent Content on Television

Violent content on television

Social scientists have published more than 60 separate analyses of violent content on television around the world (see Tables 4.1 and 4.2). These content analyses began almost as early as television broadcasting itself, and they continue today. They have been especially numerous since 1980. Although most of these studies have been conducted by independent scholars—usually university professors—some have been conducted by citizen action groups (Center for Media and Public Affairs, 1994; Lichter & Lichter, 1983; “NCTV Says,” 1983); some have been funded by industry groups (Cole, 1995, 1996; National Television Violence Study, 1997, 1998) or private foundations (Kunkel et al., 1998); and some have been conducted by the television industry itself (Columbia Broadcasting System, 1980).

TABLE 4.1 Content Analyses ...

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