There is a growing interest on what clients have to say about their experiences in counseling and psychotherapy. Why do they say the things they say? In this powerful analysis, On Being a Client identifies a number of clear and potent messages that transcend the complexity of counseling thought and psychotherapeutic practice. Using clients' experiences as a framework, the author creates a general theory of counseling and psychotherapy. He proposes that the social and psychological structures which generate the clients' experiences underlie all psychotherapeutic encounters, and the self forms and reforms in social relationships--including those established in the therapeutic context. In this fascinating volume, the reader is invited to consider a number of thought-provoking claims about the universal qualities that characterize good and bad practice in all types of counseling and therapy. This distinctive and accessible analysis is invaluable reading for all counselors, therapists, and other mental health professionals, whether they be in training or already established in practice.

The Development of Social Understanding

The development of social understanding

Studies of the way children learn to understand their social world explain both how and why we need to understand other minds. Human beings seem to have an inveterate interest in what other people are thinking, intending and feeling. Babies enter a complex social world in which they instantly become active participants (Dunn, 1988: 1). From the day they are born, infants have diverse and complex relationships with other members of that world. By their third year, children show a flourishing interest in other people's behaviour; they have a practical knowledge of the mental states of their fellows and they are curious about other minds.

Recognizing that other people have feelings, intentions and minds of their own ...

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