In this multidisciplinary portrait of men and their concerns in later life, the contributors use both a life course and gendered perspective to point out that the image and self-image of men are continually reconstructed throughout the life cycle. Issues examined include: the position of older men in society and the changes wrought in their status and roles over time; men's relationships to spouse, children, grandchildren and friends; and policy implications.

The Work-Oriented Culture: Success and Power in Elderly Men

The Work-Oriented Culture: Success and Power in Elderly Men

The work-oriented culture: Success and power in elderly men
Peggy A.Szwabo

Visualizing the relationships between work, success, and power, we have consciously focused on one type of masculinity, what we call the “traditional masculine gender role.” Although some individuals argue that behaviors of American men have been changing over the past two decades or so, that argument largely ignores cohort differences and perhaps racial, socioeconomic, and geographic differences as well. The cohort effect is particularly important, because the older men we are writing about in this chapter were generally born and grew up before the Great Depression and often before World War I. Gender definitions were different then than they are today. These men learned their “sex role” ...

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