This comprehensive text explains all the key themes in the development and practice of offender rehabilitation. It explores how the issue fits within its wider social and political contexts, giving an insight into its current and future relevance to criminal justice. The book covers the full range of rehabilitative approaches, exploring how criminal justice responses have been influenced by trends such as the treatment model, ‘What Works?’, desistance, risk and public protection, and changes in social policy.

Reviving Rehabilitation: The ‘What Works?’ Movement

Reviving Rehabilitation: The ‘What Works?’ Movement

Reviving rehabilitation: The ‘what works?’ movement


This chapter covers the revival of rehabilitation in penal policy and practice, in the context of what has come to be known as the ‘What Works?’ movement. With roots spreading back as far as the 1970s, and reaching into a number of parts of the world, the quest to establish that some interventions could be effective in reducing reoffending gathered pace during the early 1990s and, in England and Wales, attracted considerable investment from an incoming Labour Government which was publicly committed to ‘evidence-based’ policy and practice in public services. In this chapter we consider the various strands and types of research which sought to question the ‘nothing works’ doctrine that had become entrenched ...

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