This comprehensive text explains all the key themes in the development and practice of offender rehabilitation. It explores how the issue fits within its wider social and political contexts, giving an insight into its current and future relevance to criminal justice. The book covers the full range of rehabilitative approaches, exploring how criminal justice responses have been influenced by trends such as the treatment model, ‘What Works?’, desistance, risk and public protection, and changes in social policy.
Chapter Four: The Evaluation Context
The Evaluation Context
Introduction: Defining Evaluation
Research relevant to rehabilitation can take various forms. It might, for example, be concerned with investigating the nature of offending in order to understand what factors are most likely to bring about rehabilitation. Second, research might study criminal careers, particularly when and why people stop offending (e.g. Maruna, 2001) in order to understand how rehabilitation might be involved in this process of desistance. However, probably the most common form of rehabilitation related research is that which seeks to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions which attempt to reduce reoffending (which is a necessary part of rehabilitation, but as we have explained elsewhere, rehabilitation is more than the cessation of offending). It is this last, evaluation research, that we will ...