This comprehensive text explains all the key themes in the development and practice of offender rehabilitation. It explores how the issue fits within its wider social and political contexts, giving an insight into its current and future relevance to criminal justice. The book covers the full range of rehabilitative approaches, exploring how criminal justice responses have been influenced by trends such as the treatment model, ‘What Works?’, desistance, risk and public protection, and changes in social policy.
Chapter Two: Rehabilitation in an Historical Context
Rehabilitation in an Historical Context
In this chapter we review the development of rehabilitation up to the 1980s, covering its early roots, the period of its rising influence in the early and middle part of the twentieth century, and its decline in penal policy from the 1970s onwards. In the last part of the chapter we look at what followed this decline.
As noted in Chapter 1, the term rehabilitation has been used in different ways, and it is also worth noting that rehabilitation has meant different things at different times. What we understand by rehabilitation today is likely to be different to what the term might have meant to someone in the nineteenth century. Because of this, it is hard ...