This comprehensive text explains all the key themes in the development and practice of offender rehabilitation. It explores how the issue fits within its wider social and political contexts, giving an insight into its current and future relevance to criminal justice. The book covers the full range of rehabilitative approaches, exploring how criminal justice responses have been influenced by trends such as the treatment model, ‘What Works?’, desistance, risk and public protection, and changes in social policy.
Chapter Ten: Conclusion: Rehabilitation in the Twenty-First Century
Conclusion: Rehabilitation in the Twenty-First Century
In the opening chapter of their recent book, Ward and Maruna (2007) debate the currency of the term rehabilitation in the twenty-first century context. They argue that rehabilitation is a notion which, for some, has become a ‘dirty word’; and one which has been to some extent at least superseded or eclipsed by ‘newer, shinier’ terms like desistance, resettlement and reintegration. Ward and Maruna are surely right to observe that, for some – among them some offenders – the very idea of rehabilitation has negative connotations. These derive principally from its historical association with a medical model of crime causation; and with forms of punishment which either jeopardise justice for offenders, stigmatise them and ...