Occidentalism: Modernity and Subjectivity


Couze Venn

  • Citations
  • Add to My List
  • Text Size

  • Chapters
  • Front Matter
  • Back Matter
  • Subject Index
  • Theory, Culture & Society

    Theory, Culture & Society caters for the resurgence of interest in culture within contemporary social science and the humanities. Building on the heritage of classical social theory, the book series examines ways in which this tradition has been reshaped by a new generation of theorists. It also publishes theoretically informed analyses of everyday life, popular culture, and new intellectual movements.

    EDITOR: Mike Featherstone, Nottingham Trent University


    Roy Boyne, University of Durham

    Mike Hepworth, University of Aberdeen

    Scott Lash, Goldsmiths College, University of London

    Roland Robertson, University of Pittsburgh

    Bryan S. Turner, University of Cambridge


    The Theory, Culture & Society book series, the journals Theory, Culture & Society and Body & Society, and related conference, seminar and postgraduate programmes operate from the TCS Centre at Nottingham Trent University. For further details of the TCS Centre's activities please contact:

    Centre Administrator

    The TCS Centre, Room 175

    Faculty of Humanities

    Nottingham Trent University

    Clifton Lane, Nottingham, NG11 8NS, UK

    e-mail: tcs@ntu.ac.uk

    web: tcs@ntu.ac.uk

    Recent volumes include:

    Michel de Certeau

    Cultural Theorist Ian Buchanan

    The Cultural Economy of Cities

    Allen J. Scott

    Body Modification

    edited by Mike Featherstone

    Paul Virilio

    From Modernism to Hypermodernism

    edited by John Armitage

    Subject, Society and Culture

    Roy Boyne

    Norbert Elias and Modern Social Theory

    Dennis Smith

    Development Theory


    Jan Nederveen Pieterse


    View Copyright Page


    This book has taken much longer to write than I had intended. In the course of it, I have been sustained by two things: the knowledge of living in an incredibly unjust and unethical world, and the encouragement given by colleagues, who, from reading odd chapters or through our many conversations, gained some idea of what I have been attempting to achieve and urged me to finish the work. My postgraduate students at the University of East London have over the years obliged me to clarify and develop what would have remained half-baked ideas. The book would have been poorer had Neal Curtis, Mike Featherstone, Chris Miles and Jeremy Valentine not read whole early drafts and made comments that have helped me avoid some serious mistakes. Other colleagues have read selected chapters or earlier versions and provided feedbacks that have fed into the much-needed rewrites. Amongst them are Phil Cohen, Tom Foot, Stuart Hall, Scott Lash, Ken Parker, Vivien Schelling, Bill Schwarz, Ash Sharma, Richard Sheldon. In some ways this book continues a number of themes first explored in Changing the Subject, and re-examined in the always fruitful and comradely discussions the co-authors of that book have enjoyed over the years; I owe more to Julian Henriques, Wendy Hollway, Cathy Urwin and Valerie Walkerdine than they know. Chris Rojek and Jackie Griffin, as well as Jane Evans, Justin Dyer and others in the production team at Sage, have been enormously helpful and patient. Francesca and Hari have put up with the fact that I was often cocooned in a world of my own, caught up in the obsession of reading yet one more article, struggling with yet one more puzzle. Their patience and love have helped me see the work through to the end.

  • References

    Adorno, Theodor (1990) Negative Dialectic. Trans. E.B.Ashton. London: Routledge.
    Adorno, Theodor and Horkheimer, Max (1979) Dialectic of Enlightenment. Trans. JohnCumming. London: Verso.
    Agamben, Giorgio (1991) Language and Death: The Place of Negativity. Trans. KarenPinkus. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
    Agamben, Giorgio (1998) The End of the Poem: Studies in Poetics. Trans. DanielHeller-Roasen. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
    Amin, Samir (1974) Accumulation on a World Scale. A Critique of the Theory of Underdevelopment, Vols 1 and 2. Hassocks: Harvester Press.
    Amin, Samir (1976) Unequal Development. Hassocks: Harvester Press.
    Appiah, Kwame Anthony (1992) In My Father's House: Africa in the Philosophy of Culture. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.
    Aquinas, Thomas (1945 [1259–73]) The Basic Writings of St Thomas Aquinas, ed. Anton C.Pegis. New York and London: Random House.
    Arendt, Hannah (1959) The Human Condition. Anchor Books in assoc. with The University of Chicago: Chicago.
    Arendt, Hannah (1977) The Life of the Mind. 2 vols. MichaelMcCarthy (ed.) New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
    Augustine, St (1961) Confessions. Trans. R.S.Pine-Coffin. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    Bacon, Francis (1859 [1620]) Novum Organum. Trans. AndrewJohnson. London: Bell & Daldy.
    Bacon, Francis (1975 [1620]) The Advancement of Learning, Book 1. Ed. WillliamArmstrong. London: Athlone Press.
    Bakhtin, Mikhail (1981) The Dialogic Imagination. Trans. CarylEmerson and MichaelHolquist. Austin: University of Texas Press.
    Barker, Francis (1984) The Tremulous Body. London and New York: Methuen.
    Barthes, Roland (1977) Image-Music-Text. Trans. StephenHeath. London: Fontana Press.
    Bataille, Georges (1988) Inner Experience. Trans. Leslie AnneBoldt. Albany: State University of New York Press.
    Bauman, Zygmunt (1988) Legislators and Interpreters: On Modernity, Post-Modernity and Intellectuals. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Bauman, Zygmunt (1996) ‘On communitarians and human freedom: or, how to square the circle’, Theory, Culture & Society, 13 (2): 79–90. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/026327696013002006
    Beck, Ulrich (1992) Risk Society. London: Sage.
    Beck, Ulrich and Beck-Gernsheim, Elisabeth (1994) The Normal Chaos of Love. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Beck, Ulrich, Giddens, Anthony and Lash, Scott (1994) Reflexive Modernization. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Benhabib, Seyla (1986) Critique, Norm and Utopia. New York: Columbia University Press.
    Benhabib, Seyla (1992) Situating the Self. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Benjamin, Walter (1973) Illuminations. Trans. HarryCohn. London: Fontana.
    Benton, Ted (1993) Natural Relations. London: Verso.
    Bergson, Henri (1991) Matter and Memory. Trans. N.M.Paul and W.S.Palmer. New York: Zone Books.
    Berman, Marshall (1983) All That Is Solid Melts Into Air: The Experience of Modernity. London: Verso.
    Bernal, Martin (1987) Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization, Vol 1. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
    Bernstein, Richard. J. (1991) The New Constellation. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Bhabha, Homi (ed.) (1990) ‘DissemiNation: time, narrative, and the margins of the modern nation, Nation and Narration. London: Routledge. pp. 291–322.
    Bhabha, Homi (1994) Location of Culture. London: Routledge.
    Bhabha, Homi (1996) ‘Culture's In-Between’ in StuartHall and Pauldu Gay (eds), Questions of Cultural Identity. London: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446221907
    Blackburn, Robin (1988) The Overthrow of Colonial Slavery, 1776–1848. London: Verso.
    Bougainville, Louis Antoine (1771) Voyage autour du monde par la frégate du roi la Boudeuse, et la flute l'Etoile en 1766, 1767, 1768, 1769. Paris.
    Bowie, Andrew (1990) Aesthetics and Subjectivity: From Kant to Nietzsche. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
    Braidotti, Rosi (1994) Nomadic Subjects: Embodiment and Sexual Difference in Contemporary Feminist Theory. New York: Columbia University Press.
    Braudel, Fernand (1974) Capitalism and Material Life, 1400–1800. Trans. MiriamKocham. London: Fontana.
    Buci-Glucksmann, Christine (1994) Baroque Reason: The Aesthetics of Modernity. London: Sage.
    Butler, Judith (1990) Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York and London: Routledge.
    Butler, Judith (1993) Bodies that Matter. New York and London: Routledge.
    Butler, Judith (1999) ‘Revisiting bodies and pleasures’, Theory, Culture & Society, 16 (2): 11–20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/02632769922050520
    Capra, Fritjof (1976) The Tao of Physics. Bungay: Fontana.
    Cascardi, Anthony (1992) The Subject of Modernity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511597428
    Castoriadis, Cornelius (1991) ‘Power, politics, autonomy’, in DavidCurtis (ed.), Castoriadis: Philosophy, Politics, Autonomy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Chakrabarty, Dipesh (1988) ‘Conditions for knowledge of working-class conditions’, in RanajitGuha and Gayatri C.Spivak (eds), Selected Subaltern Studies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Clavelin, Maurice (1974) The Natural Philosophy of Galileo. Trans. A.J.Pomerans. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    Coles, Roman (1991) ‘Foucault's dialogical artistic ethos’, Theory, Culture & Society, 8 (1): 99–120. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/026327691008002005
    Columbus, Christopher (1930 [1492]) Select Documents Illustrating the Tour Voyages of Columbus. 2 vols. Ed. Cecil, Jane. London: The Hakluyt Society.
    Columbus, Christopher (1988 [1492]) The Tour Voyages of Christopher Columbus. Ed. J.M.Cohen. London: Century Hutchinson.
    Critchley, Simon (1997) Very Little … Almost Nothing. London and New York: Routledge.
    Crollius (1624) Traité des Signatures. French trans. Cited in MichaelFoucault 1966.
    Crombie, A.C. (1961) Augustine to Galileo. Vol. 1. London: Mercury Books.
    Curtis, Neal (1998) ‘Against Autonomy: Lyotard, Justice and the Idea’. Unpublished. PhD thesis, Nottingham Trent University.
    Dangarembga, Tsitsi (1988) Nervous Conditions. London: Women's Press.
    Deleuze, Gilles (1993) The Told: Leibniz and the Baroque. Trans. TomConley. Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press.
    Deleuze, Gilles and Guattari, Félix (1985) Anti-Oedipus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia. Trans. H.R.Lane and RobertHurley. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
    Deleuze, Gilles and Guattari, Félix (1994) What is Philosophy? Trans. HughTomlinson. New York: Columbia University Press.
    Derrida, Jacques (1967) L'Ecriture et la différence. Paris: Editions du Seuil.
    Derrida, Jacques (1972) La Dissémination. Paris: Editions du Seuil.
    Derrida, Jacques (1982) Margins of Philosophy. Trans. AlanBass. Brighton: Harvester Press.
    Derrida, Jacques (1990) ‘Some statements and truisms about neo-logisms, newisms, postisms, parasitisms, and other small seismisms’, in DavidCarroll (ed.), The States of ‘Theory’. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
    Derrida, Jacques (1992) Given Time: 1: Counterfeit Money. Trans. PeggyKamuf. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Derrida, Jacques (1993) Les Spectres de Marx. Paris: Éditions Galilée.
    Derrida, Jacques (1995a) Points … Interviews, 1974–1994. Ed. MaxWeber. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
    Derrida, Jacques (1995b) The Gift of Death. Trans. DavidWills. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Derrida, Jacques (1997) Le Droit à la philosophie du point de vue cosmopolitique. Paris: Editions Unesco.
    Derrida, Jacques (1999) ‘Hospitality, justice and responsibility: a dialogue with Jacques Derrida’, in RichardKearney and MarkDooley (eds), Questioning Ethics. London and New York: Routledge.
    Descartes, René (1968 [1637]) Discourse on Method and the Meditations. Trans. F.E.Sutcliffe. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    Dickson, David (1979) ‘Science and political hegemony in the 17th century’, Radical Science Journal, 8: 7–37.
    Diderot, Denis (1955) Supplément au Voyage de Bougainville. [1773] edn. Geneva and Lille: Herbert Dieckmann.
    Dolar, Mladan (1991) ‘The legacy of the Enlightenment: Foucault and Lacan’, New Formations, 14: 43–56.
    Eagleton, Terry (1990) The Ideology of the Aesthetic. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Easlea, Brian (1980) Witch-hunting, Magic and the New Philosophy. Brighton: Harvester Press.
    Eco, Umberto (1983) The Name of the Rose. Trans. WilliamWeaver. London: Secker & Warburg.
    Elias, Norbert (1982) The Civilizing Process: State Formation and Civilization. Trans. EdmundJephcott. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Elias, Norbert (1984) Power and Civility. New York: Pantheon.
    Elliott, J.H. (1970) The Old World and the New, 1492–1650. Cambridge: Cambridge Unversity Press.
    Elton, G.R. (1963) Reformation Europe: 1517–1559. London: Fontana.
    Fabian, Johannes (1983) Time and the Other: How Anthropology Makes its Object. New York: Columbia University Press.
    Fanon, Frantz (1967) The Wretched of the Earth. Trans. ConstanceFarrington. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    Fanon, Frantz (1970) Black Skin White Masks. Trans. Charles L.Markmann. London: Paladin.
    Farrington, John (1970) The Philosophy of Francis Bacon. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press.
    Faye, Jean-Pierre (1972) Théorie du récit. Paris: Herman.
    Featherstone, Mike (ed.) (1990) Global Culture: Nationalism, Globalization and Modernity. London: Sage.
    Featherstone, Mike, Lash, Scott and Robertson, Roland (1995) Global Modernities. London: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446250563
    Foster, Hal (1983) Postmodern Culture. London and Sydney: Pluto Press.
    Foucault, Michel (1966) Les mots et les choses. Paris: Editions Gallimard.
    Foucault, Michel (1970) The Order of Things. Trans. AlanSheridan. London: Tavistock.
    Foucault, Michel (1979) ‘On governmentality’, Ideology & Consciousness, 6: 5–21.
    Foucault, Michel (1982) ‘The subject and power’, in HubertDreyfus and PaulRabinow (eds), Michel Foucault: Beyond Structuralism and Hermeneutics. Brighton: Harvester Press.
    Foucault, Michel (1984a) Histoire de la sexualité: L'Usage des plaisirs. Paris: Editions Gallimard.
    Foucault, Michel (1984b) Histoire de la sexualité: Le Souci de soi. Paris: Editions Gallimard.
    Foucault, Michel (1984c) ‘What is Enlightenment?’, in PaulRabinow (ed.), The Foucault Reader. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    Foucault, Michel (1986) ‘Kant on Enlightenment and revolution’, Economy and Society, 15 (1): 88–96. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03085148600000016
    Frank, André Gunter (1969) Capitalism and Underdevelopment in Latin America. New York: Monthly Review Press.
    Fraser, Nancy (1989) Unruly Practices. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Friel, Brian (1981) Translations. London: Faber and Faber.
    Fryer, Peter (1984) Staying Power: The History of Black People in Britain. London: Pluto.
    Galileo, Galilei (1962 [1632]) A Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems. Trans. StillmanDrake. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
    Gatens, Moira (1996) Imaginary Bodies: Ethics, Power and Corporeality. London and New York: Routledge.
    Giddens, Anthony (1990) The Consequences of Modernity. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Giddens, Anthony (1994) ‘Living in a Post-Traditional Society’, in UlrichBeck, AnthonyGiddens and ScottLash (eds), Reflexive Modernization. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Gilroy, Paul (1993a) The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness. London: Verso.
    Gilroy, Paul (1993b) Small Acts. London: Serpent's Tail.
    Gilson, Étienne (1930) Etudes sur le role de la pensée mediévale dans la formation du système cartésien. Paris: Vrin.
    Graus, Frantisek (1971) ‘The crisis of the Middle Ages and the Hussites’, in Steven E.Ozment (ed.), The Reformation in Medieval Perspective. Chicago: Quadrangle Books.
    Greenblatt, Stephen J. (1980) Renaissance Self-Fashioning: From More to Shakespeare. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Grosz, Elizabeth (1994) Volatile Bodies: Towards a Corporeal Feminism. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
    Habermas, Jürgen (1983) ‘Modernity – an incomplete project’, in HalFoster (ed.) Postmodern Culture. London and Sydney: Pluto Press. pp. 3–15.
    Habermas, Jürgen (1987) Philosophical Discourse of Modernity. Trans. FrederickLawrence. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Habermas, Jürgen (1992) Postmetaphysical Thinking. Trans. William M.Hohengarten. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    Habermas, Jürgen (1996) Between Tacts and Norms. Trans. WilliamRehg. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    Hall, Stuart (1996a) ‘Introduction: Who needs identity?’, in StuartHall and Pauldu Gay (eds), Questions of Cultural Identity. London: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446221907
    Hall, Stuart (1996b) ‘When was “the post-colonial”? Thinking at the limit’, in IainChambers and LidiaCurti (eds), The Post-colonial Question. London and New York: Routledge.
    Hall, Stuart and Gieben, Bram (1992) Formations of Modernity. Cambridge: Polity Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511628092
    Hall, Stuart, Held, David and McGrew, Tony (eds) (1992) Modernity and its Futures. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Haraway, Donna (1991) Simians, Cyborgs, and Women: The Reinvention of Nature. London: Free Association Books.
    Hegel, Georg W.F. (1995) Lectures on the Philosophy of History, 3 vols. Trans. E.S.Haldane and FrancesSimson. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
    Heidegger, Martin (1962) Being and Time. Trans. JohnMacquarrie and EdwardRobinson. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Heidegger, Martin (1972) On Time and Being. Trans. JoanStambaugh. New York and London: Harper and Row.
    Heidegger, Martin (1977) The Question Concerning Technology and Other Essays. Trans. WilliamLovitt. New York: HarperTorchbooks.
    Heidegger, Martin (1993) Basic Writings. Ed. David F.Krell. London: Routledge.
    Henriques, Julian, Hollway, Wendy, Urwin, Cathy, Venn, Couze and Walkerdine, Valerie(1998 [1984]) Changing the Subject: Psychology, Subjectivity and Social Regulation. London and New York: Routledge.
    Herder, Johann Gottfried (1997) On World History. Ed. H.Adler and E.A.Menze. Trans. E.A.Menze and B.Palma. New York: M.E. Sharpe.
    Hill, Christopher (1975) The World Turned Upside Down. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    Hobsbawm, Eric (1962) The Age of Revolution. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.
    Honneth, Axel (1995) The Struggle for Recognition. The Moral Grammar of Social Conflicts. Trans. JoelAnderson. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Hont, Ivan and Ignatieff, Michael (1983) ‘Need and justice in the Wealth of Nations, in IvanHont and MichaelIgnatieff (eds), Wealth and Virtue. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Horkheimer, Max and Adorno, Theodor (1979) Dialectic of Enlightenment. Trans. JohnCumming. London: Verso.
    Hulme, Peter and Jordanova, Ludmilla (1990) The Enlightenment and Its Shadows. London: Routledge.
    Humboldt, Alexander von (1846) Cosmos: Sketch of a Physical Description of the Universe. Trans E.Sabine. 4 vols. London.
    Hume, David (1882) ‘On national characters’, Essays, Moral, Political and Literary, 2 vols, eds T.H.Green and T.H.Grose. London (in Anthony Pagden 1993).
    Husserl, Edmond (1960) Cartesian Meditations. Trans. DorianCairns. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.
    Husserl, Edmund (1970) The Crisis of European Sciences and Transcendental Phenomenology. Trans. DavidCarr. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press.
    Irigaray, Luce (1979) Et l'une ne bouge pas sans l'autre. Paris: Editions de Minuit.
    Irigaray, Luce (1984) Ethique de la différence sexuelle. Paris: Editions de Minuit.
    Jalée, Pierre (1965) Le Pillage du tiers monde. Paris: Maspéro.
    James, C.L.R. (1938) The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L'Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution. London: Alison and Busby.
    Jameson, Fredric (1991) Postmodernism or the Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism. London: Verso.
    JanMohamed, Abdul (1983) Manichean Aesthetics: The Politics of Literature in Colonial Africa. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press.
    JanMohamed, Abdul (1986) ‘The economy of Manichean allegory: the function of racial difference in colonialist literature’, in Henry LouisGates Jr (ed.), ‘Race’, Writing and Difference. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Kamen, Henry (1976) The Iron Century: Social Change in Europe 1550–1660. London: Sphere Books.
    Kant, Immanuel (1933 [1787]) Critique of Pure Reason. Trans. Norman KempSmith. London: Macmillan Press.
    Kant, Immanuel (1987 [1790]). Critique of Judgment. Trans. Werner S.Pluhar. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company.
    Kant, Immanuel (1992 [1784]) ‘An answer to the question: What is Enlightenment?’, in PatriciaWaugh (ed.), Postmodernism: A Reader. London and New York: Edward Arnold.
    Kearney, Richard (1988) The Wake of Imagination. London: Hutchinson. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203430620
    Kepler, Johannes (1596) Mysterium Cosmographicum.
    Knorr-Cetina, Karin (1997) ‘Sociality with objects: social relations in postsocial knowledge societies’, Theory, Culture & Society, 14 (4): 1–30. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/026327697014004001
    Koyré, Alexandre (1971) ‘Paracelsus’, in Stephen E.Ozment (ed.), The Reformation in Medieval Perspective. Chicago: Quandrangle Books.
    Koyré, Alexandre (1978) Galileo Studies. Trans. JohnMepham. Hassocks: Harvester Press.
    Kristeva, Julia (1974) La Révolution du langage poétique. Paris: Editions du Seuil.
    Kristeva, Julia (1982) Powers of Horror. New York: Columbia University Press.
    Kristeva, Julia (1983) Histoires d'amour. Paris: Denoël.
    Lacan, Jacques (1966a) Ecrits, Vol. 1. Paris: Editions du Seuil.
    Lacan, Jacques (1966b) Ecrits, Vol. 2. Paris: Editions du Seuil.
    Lacan, Jacques (1979) The Tour Fundamental Concepts of Psychoanalysis. Trans. AlanSheridan. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    Lacan, Jacques (1992) The Ethics of Psychoanalysis. Trans. DennisPorter. London: Routledge.
    Lacoue-Labarthe, Philippe (1990) Heidegger, Art and Politics. Trans. ChrisTurner. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
    Lacoue-Labarthe, Philippe (1999) Poetry as Experience. Trans. AndreaTarnowski. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
    Ladurie, Emmanuel Le Roy (1978) Montaillou. Trans. BarbaraBray. London: Scholar Press.
    Laplanche, Jean (1976) Life and Death in Psychoanalysis. Trans. JeffreyMehlman. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Lash, Scott (1994) Reflexive Modernization. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Lash, Scott (1996) ‘Postmodern ethics and the missing ground’, Theory, Culture & Society, 13 (2): 91–105. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/026327696013002007
    Lévi-Strauss, Claude (1987) Race et histoire. Paris: Denoël.
    Levin, David Michael (1985) The Body's Recollection of Being: Phenomenological Psychology and the Deconstruction of Nihilism. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
    Levinas, Emmanuel (1969) Totality and Infinity. Trans. AlfonsoLingis. Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press.
    Levinas, Emmanuel (1974) La Trace de l'autre: en découvrant l'existence avec Husserl et Heidegger. Paris: Vrin.
    Levinas, Emmanuel (1983 [1948]) Le Temps et l'autre. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
    Levinas, Emmanuel (1984) ‘Ethics of the infinite’, in RichardKearney (ed.), Dialogues with Contemporary Trench Philosophers. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
    Levinas, Emmanuel (1985) Ethics and Infinity. Trans. R.A.Cohen. Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press.
    Levinas, Emmanuel (1987) ‘Philosophy and the idea of infinity’, inCollected Philosophical Papers. Trans. AlfonsoLingis. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff.
    Levinas, Emmanuel (1988) ‘The paradox of morality: an interview with Emmanuel Levinas’, in RobertBernasconi and DavidWood (eds), The Provocation of Levinas. London: Routledge.
    Lloyd, Genevieve (1984) The Man of Reason: Male’ and ‘Temale’ in Western Philosophy. London: Routledge. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203423240
    Lloyd, Genevieve (1993) Being in Time. London: Routledge. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9780203416280
    Locke, John (1963 [1690]) Two Treatises of Government. New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Lortz, Joseph (1968) The Reformation in Germany. London and New York: Routledge and Kegan Paul. (In ‘Introduction’ in Steven Ozment 1971, pp. 3–11).
    Luria, Alexander (1982) Language and Cognition. Ed. JamesWertsch. New York: Wiley.
    Luther, Martin (1971 [1517]) ‘Disputations against scholastic theology’, in Paul Vignaux.
    Lyotard, Jean-François (1983) Le Differend. Paris: Editions de Minuit.
    Lyotard, Jean-François (1984) The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge. Trans. GeoffBennington and BrianMassumi. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
    Lyotard, Jean-François (1988a) ‘Reécrire la modernité’, Cahiers de Philosophie, 5. pp. 193–203.
    Lyotard, Jean-François (1988b) Le Postmoderne expliqué aux enfants. Paris: Editions Galilée.
    Lyotard, Jean-François (1989) ‘Time today’, Oxford Literary Review, 11 (1–2): 3–20.
    Lyotard, Jean-François (1993) Un trait d'union. Sainte-Foy: Le Griffon D'argile.
    Lyotard, Jean-François (1994) Lessons on the Analytic of the Sublime. Trans. ElizabethRottenberg. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
    McClintock, Anne (1995) Imperial Leather: Race, Gender and Sexuality in the Colonial World. New York and London: Routledge.
    Macey, David (1993) The Lives of Michel Foucault. London: Vintage.
    Macnaghten, Phil and Urry, John (1998) Contested Natures. London: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446217337
    Merleau-Ponty, Maurice (1964) L'Oeil et l'esprit. Paris: Editions Gallimard.
    Merleau-Ponty, Maurice (1968) The Visible and the Invisible. Ed. ClaudeLefort. Trans. AlfonsoLingis. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press.
    Montaigne, Edmond de (1987 [1580]) An Apology for Raymond Sebond. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    Montaigne, Michel de (1958 [1580]) Essays. Trans. J.M.Cohen. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    Montesquieu, Charles (1977 [1721]) Persian Letters. Trans. C.J.Betts. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    Morrison, Toni (1987) Beloved. London: Chatto & Windus.
    Morrison, Toni (1992) Playing in the Dark: Whiteness and the Literary Imagination. New York: Vintage Books.
    Morrison, Toni (1993) ‘Living memory: a meeting with Toni Morrison’, in PaulGilroy (ed.), Small Acts. London: Serpent's Tail.
    Nancy, Jean-Luc (1990) ‘Finite History’, in DavidCarroll (ed.), The States of Theory.
    O'Gorman, Edmundo (1961) The Invention of America. Bloomington: Indiana Universty Press.
    Osborne, Peter (1995) The Politics of Time. London: Verso.
    Ozment, Steven (ed.) (1971) The Reformation in Medieval Perspectives. Chicago: Quadrangle Books.
    Pagden, Anthony (1993) European Encounters with the New World. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.
    Parry, Benita (1997) ‘The postcolonial: Conceptual category or chimera?’Yearbook of English Studies, Vol. 27, pp. 3–21. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3509129
    Pasquino, Pasquale (1978) ‘Theatrum politicum: the genealogy of capital – police and the state of prosperity’, Ideology & Consciousness, 4: 41–54.
    Patterson, Orlando (1982) Slavery and Social Death. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press.
    Petty, William (1682) Political Arithmetic. London.
    Porta, Giordano (1650) Magie Naturelle. Paris.
    Pratt, Mary Louise (1992) Imperial Eyes: Travel Writing and Transculturation. London: Routledge.
    Prigogine, Ilya and Stengers, Isabelle (1984) Order out of Chaos. London: Heinemann.
    Procacci, Giovanna (1978) ‘Social economy and the government of poverty’, Ideology & Consciousness, 4: 55–72.
    Rabasa, José (1985) ‘Allegories of the altlas’, in FrancisBarker, PeterHulme, MargaretIverson and DianeLoxley (eds), Europe and its Others, Vol 2. Colchester: University of Essex.
    Rawls, John (1971) A Theory of Justice. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Raynal, Abbé (1781 [1770]) Histoire des deux Indes. Paris.
    Ricoeur, Paul (1984) ‘The creativity of language’, in RichardKearney (ed.), Dialogues with Contemporary Continental Thinkers. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
    Ricoeur, Paul (1988) Time and Narrative, Vol. 3. Trans. KathleenBlamey and DavidPellauer. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Ricoeur, Paul (1991) ‘Discussion: Ricoeur on narrative’ and ‘Narrative identity’, in DavidWood (ed.), On Paul Ricoeur. London and New York: Routledge.
    Ricoeur, Paul (1992) Oneself as Another. Trans. KathleenBlamey. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Ricoeur, Paul (1996) ‘Reflections on a new ethos for Europe’, in RichardKearney (ed.), Paul Ricoeur. The Hermeneutics of Action. London: Sage.
    Riley, Patrick (1986) The General Will Before Rousseau: The Transformation of the Divine into the Civic. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    Rodney, Walter (1972) How Europe Underdeveloped Africa. Harare: Zimbabwe Publishing House.
    Rose, Gillian (1992) The Broken Middle. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Rose, Gillian (1993) Judaism and Modernity. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Rose, Gillian (1995) Love's Work. London: Chatto & Windus.
    Rose, Nikolas (1989) Governing the Soul. London: Routledge.
    Rose, Nikolas (1996) ‘Identity, genealogy, history’, in StuartHall and Pauldu Gay (eds), Questions of Cultural Identity. London: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446221907
    Rose, Stephen (1997) Lifelines: Biology, Freedom, Determinism. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    Said, Edward (1978) Orientalism. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
    Said, Edward (1984) The World, the Text, the Critic. London: Faber & Faber.
    Said, Edward (1993) Culture and Imperialism. London: Chatto & Windus.
    Santner, Eric (1990) Stranded Objects: Mourning, Memory and Film in Postwar Germany. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
    Sartre, Jean-Paul (1967) ‘Preface’, in FrantzFanon (ed.), The Wretched of the Earth. Trans. ConstanceFarrington. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    Searle, Chris (1992) ‘Unlearning Columbus: A review article’, Race and Class, 33 (3): 67–77. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/030639689203300306
    Sennett, Richard (1976) The Tall of Public Man. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Serres, Michel (1982) Hermes: Literature, Science, Philosophy. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Shohat, Ella and Stam, Robert (1994) Unthinking Eurocentrism: Multiculturalism and the Media. London and New York: Routledge.
    Smith, Adam (1812 [1776]) The Wealth of Nations. London.
    Smith, Nick (1994) ‘Charles Taylor, strong hermeneutics and the politics of difference’, Radical Philosophy, 68: 19–27.
    Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty (1985) ‘The Rani of Sirmur’, in FrancisBarker, PeterHulme, MargaretIverson and DianeLoxley (eds), Europe and its Others, Vol. 1. Colchester: University of Essex.
    Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty (1990) The Post-colonial Critic: Interviews. Ed. SarahHarasym. New York and London: Routledge.
    Suleri, Sara (1992) The Rhetoric of English India. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Taussig, Michael (1987) Shamanism, Colonialism and the Wild Man: A Study in Terror and Healing. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Taussig, Michael (1993) Mimesis and Alterity. New York and London: Routledge.
    Taylor, Charles (1986) ‘Foucault on freedom and truth’, in David C.Hoy (ed.), Foucault: A Critical Reader. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Taylor, Charles (1989) Sources of the Self: The Making of the Modern Identity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Taylor, Charles (1992) Multiculturalism. Ed. AmyGutman. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    Thacker, Andrew (1993) ‘Foucault's aesthetics of existence’, Radical Philosophy, 63: 13–21.
    Thomas, Keith (1971) Religion and the Decline of Magic: Studies in Popular Beliefs in Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-century England. London: Wiedenfeld & Nicolson.
    Todorov, Tzvetan (1992 [1982]) The Conquest of America. Trans. RichardHoward. New York: HarperPerennial.
    TrinhMinh-ha (1989) Woman, Native, Other. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
    Tuchman, Barbara (1979) A Distant Mirror: The Calamitous Fourteenth Century. London: Macmillan.
    Urry, John (1990) The Tourist Gaze. London: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446251904
    Vattimo, Gianni (1988) The End of Modernity. Trans. JonSnyder. Cambridge: Polity Press.
    Venn, Couze (1982) ‘Beyond the Science/Ideology Relation’. Unpublished PhD thesis. Colchester: University of Essex.
    Venn, Couze (1985) ‘A subject for concern: sexuality and subjectivity in Foucault's History of Sexuality’, PsychCritique, 1 (2): 139–54.
    Venn, Couze (1993) Occidentalism and its Discontents. London: University of East London.
    Venn, Couze (1996) ‘History lessons: formation of subjects, (post)colonialism, and an Other project’, in BillSchwarz (ed.), The Expansion of England: Race, Ethnicity and Cultural History. London: Routledge. pp. 32–60.
    Venn, Couze (1997) ‘Beyond Enlightenment? After the subject of Foucault, who comes?’, Theory, Culture & Society, 14 (3): 1–28. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/026327697014003001
    Venn, Couze (1999) ‘Narrating the postcolonial’, in MikeFeatherstone and ScottLash (eds), Spaces of Culture: Nation, City, World. London: Sage. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446218723
    Vico, Giambattista (1982) Selected Writings. Ed. and trans. LeonPompa. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Vignaux, Paul (1971) ‘On Luther and Occam’, in Steven E.Ozment (ed.), The Reformation in Medieval Perspective. Chicago: Quadrangle Books.
    Viswanathan, Gauri (1989) Masks of Conquest: Literary Study and British Rule in India. London: Faber and Faber.
    Volosinov, Valentin (1973) Marxism and the Philosophy of Language. Trans. LadislavMatejka and I.R.Titunik. London: Seminar Press.
    Vygotsky, Lev (1986) Thought and Language. Trans. AlexKozulin. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    Wallerstein, Immanuel (1980) The Modern World-System, Vol. 2. New York: Academic Press.
    Wallerstein, Immanuel (1984) The Politics of the World-Economy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Wallerstein, Immanuel (1991) Geopolitics and Geocultures: The Changing World-System. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Watson, James (1970) The Double Helix. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.
    Watson, Sean (1998) ‘The New Bergsonism: Discipline, Subjectivity and Freedom’, Radical Philosophy, 92: 6–16.
    White, Hayden (1978) Tropics of Discourse: Essays in Cultural Criticism. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Williams, Eric (1964) Capitalism and Slavery. London: Andre Deusch.
    Winnicott, David (1963) ‘The devleopment of the capacity for concern’, Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 27: 167–76.
    Wood, David (1988) The Deconstruction of Time. Atlantic Highlands: Humanities Press.
    Yates, Frances (1964) Giordano Bruno and the Hermetic Tradition. London: Vintage Books.
    Yates, Frances (1983) The Occult Philosophy in the Elizabethan Age. London: Ark Paperbacks.
    Young, Robert (1990) White Mythologies: Writing History and the West. New York and London: Routledge.
    Žižek, Slavoj (1989) The Sublime Object of Ideology. London: Verso.
    Žižek, Slavoj (1993) Tarrying with the Negative. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

    • Loading...
Back to Top

Copy and paste the following HTML into your website