Nepal is going through the most tumultuous period in its history. The writing of the new Constitution will only be a small step towards producing a stable country. While there is no disagreement over the issue of state restructuring itself, challenging spin-offs stemming from a failure to address questions of identity, ethnicity, language, religion, region and culture are emerging as clear fault lines of ‘New Nepal.’ Security sector governance, the structure of the political system and the relations between various organs of the state are yet to be determined, while law and order, supply of daily essentials, and immediate economic relief to the rural hinterlands is already testing the patience of the people. Political parties are once again resorting to the old addiction of forming and dismantling governments, knowing well that this will be disastrous the nascent democracy. A chaotic Nepal will also be a headache for both India and China. This book reflects the nature of the enormous challenges before Nepal and the exceptionally important discussion on how to resolve these problems and move ahead.

Lack of Political Culture and Legitimacy

Lack of Political Culture and Legitimacy

Lack of political culture and legitimacy

Political culture has been defined as “the orientation of the citizens of a nation towards politics, and their perceptions of political legitimacy and the traditions of political practice.”1 It has not been developed in Nepal despite the three democratic experiments in the 1950s, 1990s, and post-2006. Political culture is a vital element of political transformation. A prime minister who cannot choose his own cabinet is an outrage on democracy. This is not coalition politics; it's a collective blackmail. A minister should not be jumping into his mistress's house at mid-night in a flag car with an official bodyguard. No constitution in the world stipulates such things; it should be understood and followed. When a ...

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