Nepal is going through the most tumultuous period in its history. The writing of the new Constitution will only be a small step towards producing a stable country. While there is no disagreement over the issue of state restructuring itself, challenging spin-offs stemming from a failure to address questions of identity, ethnicity, language, religion, region and culture are emerging as clear fault lines of ‘New Nepal.’ Security sector governance, the structure of the political system and the relations between various organs of the state are yet to be determined, while law and order, supply of daily essentials, and immediate economic relief to the rural hinterlands is already testing the patience of the people. Political parties are once again resorting to the old addiction of forming and dismantling governments, knowing well that this will be disastrous the nascent democracy. A chaotic Nepal will also be a headache for both India and China. This book reflects the nature of the enormous challenges before Nepal and the exceptionally important discussion on how to resolve these problems and move ahead.

Interim Constitution and Repeated Amendments

Interim Constitution and Repeated Amendments

Interim constitution and repeated amendments

There is little contestation that the most promising feature of the many political experiments that the country conducted in the period, 2006–09, has been to welcome the Maoists into the government and into the interim parliament, encouraging them from the bushes of the jungle to the corridors of power, thereby to abandon their “people's war.” There were deliberate attempts from the Nepali Congress and the Communist Party of Nepal (UML) with full backing of the international community to bring them to the mainstream and in return consent to their core demands of a Constituent Assembly (CA). This was agreed only after the rebel leadership acquiesced to relinquish violence and lock up their weapons in designated camps ...

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