Negotiating Peace in Deeply Divided Societies, delineates a novel application of simulations-as training exercises in peacemaking. It puts readers in the shoes of key actors in conflict and conflict resolution processes in order to give a more nuanced understanding of the risks and opportunities, as well as the costs, of making peace.

The book has six simulation exercises based largely on actual or potential negotiations in ongoing peace processes. While the overarching theme of these simulations is to learn from peacemaking in societies that have been violently divided by ethnic or religious conflict, only two of them replicate actual negotiations as they have taken place. Two others envisage an imaginary stage in ongoing negotiations while the others are abstract simulations that address crucial issues of contemporary debate, ending violence and humanitarian intervention.

This combination permits participants to focus on the different stages of conflict resolution in deeply divided societies, the critical issues that are involved, and the changing role that key actors play in making a breakthrough. The six simulation exercises cover important aspects of successful conflict resolution - the early stage of paving the way for a political settlement through achieving a ceasefire; the crucial middle stages of trust-building and addressing root causes; the later stages of negotiations and compromises to reach a final agreement; the post agreement stage of reconstruction and reconciliation; and the role of third parties in pushing through an end to conflict.

Northern Ireland: The Belfast (Good Friday) Agreement: Final Round

Northern Ireland: The Belfast (Good Friday) Agreement: Final Round

Northern Ireland: The belfast (Good Friday) agreement: Final round
JohnDoyle and AdrianGuelke

Simulation Focus

The Belfast (Good Friday) Agreement signed on Friday, 10 April 1998, formally brought an end to the 700-year old Irish conflict. The British and Irish governments agreed to give up their competing claims to Northern Ireland, and the Protestants and the Catholics agreed to establish joint political and administrative institutions. The Agreement set up Human Rights and Equality Commissions, and ensured the early release of Irish Republican Army (IRA) prisoners, decommissioning of paramilitary weapons (that is, putting beyond use the arms of illegal militias) and reforms of criminal justice and policing.

The Agreement also created an interlocking set of relationships between Britain, Ireland and Northern Ireland ...

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