Music Therapy is an introduction to contemporary training and practice. Written in a clear, jargon-free style, the book provides a lively source of information and ideas for all who are new to music therapy.



The word ‘improvise’ comes from the Latin improvisus meaning ‘unforeseen’. In music therapy the therapist creates an environment of experimentation to allow the emergence of unforeseen musical material. This kind of improvisation does not only happen in music. Casement (1985: 3) has emphasised the importance for the therapist of ‘not knowing’ in psychoanalysis. To think that one knows what it is the patient needs to make him or her ‘better’ or to foresee what will happen in the therapy immediately creates a presumption about the patient, and so may blind the therapist to what the patient is trying to communicate. Close to this way of working is the technique central to psychoanalysis – that of free association.

Improvisation in Music Therapy and Free Association

Freud discovered ...

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