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Mastering spoken language is the key to writing success for English language learners English language learners struggle to meet the increased classroom writing demands of the Common Core State Standards, and many schools seem at a loss for solutions. In these pages, ELL expert Ivannia Soto builds on the groundbreaking research she presented in her previous book ELL Shadowing as a Catalyst for Change to show how oral language development scaffolds writing skills. To implement this knowledge, Soto offers educators a powerful set of tools: • Exciting spoken techniques such as Socratic Seminar, Frayer model and Think-Pair-Share that build vocabulary and extend into academic writing • Approaches to teaching three essential styles of writing: argumentative, procedural, and narrative • Sample lesson plans and graphic organizer templates ELLs must ...

From Spoken Language to Informational Writing (Science—Middle School)
From Spoken Language to Informational Writing (Science—Middle School)

The National Research Council (NRC) set forth a vision for what it means to be proficient in Science by laying out a framework to guide teachers called the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) (Achieve, 2013). Similar to the integration of language and content within the CCSS, the three dimensions of the NGSS encompass the following elements:

  • Dimension 1: Practices—these practices describe the behaviors that scientists engage in during scientific inquiry.
  • Dimension 2: Crosscutting Concepts—are the concepts that have connections or overlap across all domains of science.
  • Dimension 3: Disciplinary Core Ideas—these core ideas focus on the most important aspects of science across the K–12 science curriculum (Achieve, 2013).

For the informational writing lesson ...

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