Moral Development and Reality: Beyond the Theories of Kohlberg and Hoffman explores the nature of moral development, social behavior, and human interconnectedness. By comparing, contrasting, and going beyond the works of pre-eminent theorists Lawrence Kohlberg and Martin Hoffman, author John C. Gibbs addresses fundamental questions: What is morality? Can we speak validly of moral development? Is the moral motivation of behavior primarily a matter of justice or of empathy? Does moral development, including moments of moral inspiration, reflect a deeper reality?   Moral Development and Reality elucidates the full range of moral development from superficial perception to a deeper understanding and feeling through social perspective-taking. Providing case studies and chapter questions, Gibbs creates a unique framework for understanding Kohlberg’s and Hoffman’s influential contributions.    

Moral Development, Moral Self-Relevance, and Prosocial Behavior

Moral development, moral self-relevance, and prosocial behavior

To know the right or feel the good is not necessarily to do the right or good. One who has grasped ideal moral reciprocity or who on multiple levels empathizes with others may—or may not—actively seek to correct an injustice or come to the aid of someone in distress. Consistency across ideals of understanding, empathic feeling, and prosocial doing in morality does occur in many instances. Those dedicated to humanitarian causes, who persevere through adverse circumstances, stand out as particularly admirable. One thinks of those who courageously campaign for equal human rights, engage in nonviolent protest, feed and nurture needy children of the world, care for the abandoned or neglected, heal the ...

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