“Janet Newman's ‘Modernizing Governance’ provides a comprehensive and thorough critique of contemporary public sector reforms. The book combines an impressive synthesis of theoretical perspectives with a deep understanding of the practice of public policy making and management. The contradictions within a shift to governance are clearly highlighted, and the notion of a third way is carefully deconstructed. This book is an important contribution to the literature, and will provide stimulating reading for academic researchers and students” — George Boyne, Professor of Public Sector Management, Cardiff Business School, Cardiff University. ‘The tale of Tony Blair and “government” is a complicated one which Janet Newman tells with insight and academic rigour. It deserves wide readership; it ought to pique the interest of all those concerned with the condition of British democracy’ — David Walker, Analysis Editor and Leader Writer, The Guardian. The first comprehensive guide that explores the politics and policies of new Labour. Has Labour's responses to the challenges and issues of the past 4 years, represented something radically different both in content and style from the Thatcher and Major years? Did it, in the language of this book, represent the emergence of a new form of governance in the UK? This book offers: Critical insights into Labour's impact on: the relationship between government and citizens; public services and their users; the state and civil society. Interpretations of core themes in Labour's policy agenda: the Third Way and social democracy; modernising government; public service reform; joined-up government and partnership; public participation and democratic renewal; remaking civil society. Drawing on cultural and institutional theory, the author brings a fresh approach to the study of governance, politics and policy. She traces Labour's attempt to reinstall ‘the social’ in public and social policy by examining its use of the discourses of democracy, citizenship, community, social inclusion, partnership and public participation. The book analyses the implications of these new, and not so new, discourses for the practice of making and delivering policy, and the patterns of equality and diversity that they invoke. It also highlights the way in which managers, professionals and staff are responding to the new agenda, and the tensions and dilemmas produced in the process of institutional change.
- Introduction: New Labour and the Question of Governance
- Governance and New Labour
- Key Questions
- Politics, Policy and Culture: Outlining the Approach
- The Structure of the Book
- Chapter 1: Understanding Governance
- Forms of Analysis: Political, Economic and Social Governance
- Theoretical Challenges
- New Labour, New Governance?
- Chapter 2: The Dynamics of Institutional Change
- Conceptualising ‘Change’
- Exploring Tensions in the Process of Change
- Mapping Models of Governance
- The Dynamics of Change
- Chapter 3: The Third Way: Modernising Social Democracy
- Constructing the Third Way
- Modernisation: Putting the ‘New’ into New Labour?
- Modernising Governance?
- Chapter 4: Modernising Government: The Politics of Reform
- Neo-Liberal Governance
- Labour's Modernisation of Government
- Modernising the Policy Process
- Modernising the State: Towards Multi-Level Governance
- A New Style of Governance?
- Chapter 5: Modernising Services: The Politics of Performance
- Public Services: Partners or Agents?
- Regulating Professional Work
- Shaping Behaviour: Regulation and Self-Regulation
- Labour's Approach to Managing Change
- Implementing Change: Trust and Contract
- Chapter 6: Joined-Up Government: The Politics of Partnership
- Governing Through Partnership: A Paradigm Shift?
- The Limits of Partnership
- The Dynamics of Partnership Working
- Power, Trust and Leadership
- Organisational Cultures and Professional Identities
- Towards a New Governance?
- Chapter 7: Public Participation: The Politics of Representation
- The Third Way and Democratic Renewal
- The Challenge to Representative Democracy
- Equality, Diversity and the Politics of Difference
- New Labour, Modernisation and the Limits to Public Participation
- Towards a New Form of Governance?
- Chapter 8: Remaking Civil Society: The Politics of Inclusion
- Renewing Civil Society
- Re-Building Community Capacity
- Remaking Welfare Subjects
- From Equality to Social Inclusion
- A Modern British People?
- The Politics of Inclusion
- Chapter 9: Conclusion: The Politics of Governance
- New Labour and Governance
- The Paradoxes of Modernisation
- Governance as a Constructed and Contested Domain
- The Dispersal of Power
- Towards a New Political Settlement?
- Reconceptualising Governance
- Re-Imagining Modernisation