The success or failure of empires, nation-states, and city-states often rests on the relationship between bureaucracy and politicians. In this provocative and timely volume, editor Ali Farazmand examines the myriad relationships between politicians and bureaucrats and how they affect modern governance. This book is organized around the major themes of professionalism, bureaucracy, governance, and the relationship between career bureaucrats/higher civil servants and political appointees/politicians under presidential and parliamentary systems. After introducing the basic elements of bureaucracies in Part I, the book discusses the relations between bureaucrats and politicians in presidential systems in Part II as well as in parliamentary systems in Part III. This original and up-to-date book will fill a gap in the literature on the relationship between bureaucrats and politicians in modern governance and public administration. It can be used as a primary or supplementary text at the undergraduate and graduate level for those interested in public administration, comparative public policy, political science, and government.

The U.S. Constitutional Separation of Powers and Federal Administration

The U.S. Constitutional Separation of Powers and Federal Administration

The U.S. constitutional separation of powers and federal administration
David H.Rosenbloom

Like much of U.S. politics, the federal administration is often viewed as an exception to the institutional and political patterns that normally prevail in Western nations (see Wildavsky 1991 for a review). The bureaucracy has long been highly permeable and penetrated by relatively large numbers of political appointees (see Silberman 1993). It has very low prestige and politicians find it a viable scapegoat for a wide range of governmental shortcomings. Agencies can be quite powerful, but the executive branch is in no sense independent or autonomous. It is subject to substantial legislative regulation and direction. Judicial involvement in federal administration is also quite pronounced. Indeed, studies of ...

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