The success or failure of empires, nation-states, and city-states often rests on the relationship between bureaucracy and politicians. In this provocative and timely volume, editor Ali Farazmand examines the myriad relationships between politicians and bureaucrats and how they affect modern governance. This book is organized around the major themes of professionalism, bureaucracy, governance, and the relationship between career bureaucrats/higher civil servants and political appointees/politicians under presidential and parliamentary systems. After introducing the basic elements of bureaucracies in Part I, the book discusses the relations between bureaucrats and politicians in presidential systems in Part II as well as in parliamentary systems in Part III. This original and up-to-date book will fill a gap in the literature on the relationship between bureaucrats and politicians in modern governance and public administration. It can be used as a primary or supplementary text at the undergraduate and graduate level for those interested in public administration, comparative public policy, political science, and government.
Bureaucrats and Politicians in Parliamentary Systems
The discussion of parliamentary systems provides a broad view of these governance systems and the role of bureaucracy in their administration. Not all parliamentary systems are alike, just as not all presidential systems are not alike. For example, postrevolutionary Iran represents both a semipresidential and a semiparliamentary system plus additional institutional arrangements based on Islamic principles; Brazil represents a semipresidential system, as Graham discusses in his chapter in this book; and France represents both strong presidential and strong parliamentary system.
Chapters 10 and 11 discuss in detail the theoretical and empirical aspects of parliamentary systems of governance, particularly in Continental Europe, and the relationship between bureaucrats and politicians. First, in Chapter 10, Guy Peters makes ...