The success or failure of empires, nation-states, and city-states often rests on the relationship between bureaucracy and politicians. In this provocative and timely volume, editor Ali Farazmand examines the myriad relationships between politicians and bureaucrats and how they affect modern governance. This book is organized around the major themes of professionalism, bureaucracy, governance, and the relationship between career bureaucrats/higher civil servants and political appointees/politicians under presidential and parliamentary systems. After introducing the basic elements of bureaucracies in Part I, the book discusses the relations between bureaucrats and politicians in presidential systems in Part II as well as in parliamentary systems in Part III. This original and up-to-date book will fill a gap in the literature on the relationship between bureaucrats and politicians in modern governance and public administration. It can be used as a primary or supplementary text at the undergraduate and graduate level for those interested in public administration, comparative public policy, political science, and government.
Bureaucrats and Politicians in Presidential Systems
The four chapters in Part II focus on the relationship between politicians and bureaucrats in presidential systems of government. “System separation” here denotes the possible distinction between and significance of the relationship of politicians and their political appointees, on the one hand, and the career bureaucrats/civil servants, on the other, under the two different political systems of governance. A presidential system is generally characterized by a strong executive power, often vested in the president, with strong constitutionally granted authority, whereas the parliamentary system generally has a stronger legislature whose majority party leader is also the chief executive leader or prime minister or chancellor. Therefore, the nature of the relationship between bureaucratic elites and political ...