Modern Local Government is a unique assessment of local government reform from the perspective of both local and central government, which is fully informed an analysis of the role of the European Union. This text provides a systematic review of the reform of local government since the election of New Labour in 1997.
The notion of ‘new localism’ is one which has been at the heart of a growing debate in central and local government since 2002. The origins of ‘new localism’ derive from pressures on government to consider whether it should divest more central power to the local level. The first set of pressures came from the United States and is economic in its underlying drive. In studies such as that of Alesina and Spolaore (2003), which examines the relationship of the size of a country with its economic success, the premise has been that since 1945, a great number of smaller states have been created, which, given their size, are becoming more homogenous in their population characteristics. This homogeneity is leading to a ...