Modern Classroom Assessment offers an applied, student-centered guide to the major research-based approaches to assessment in today's modern classroom. Rather than simply list basic assessment formats with a few examples, as many textbooks do, award-winning professor and scholar Bruce Frey's book fully explores all five key approaches for teacher-designed assessment—Traditional Paper-and-Pencil, Performance-Based Assessment, Formative Assessment, Universal Test Design, and Authentic Assessment —while making abstract concepts and guidelines clear with hundreds of real-world illustrations and examples of what actual teachers do. Offering a variety of engaging learning tools and realistic stories from the classroom, this text will give any reader a strong foundation for designing modern assessments in their own classrooms.

Summative Assessment: Traditional Paper-and-Pencil Tests

Summative assessment: Traditional paper-and-pencil tests

Looking Ahead in this Chapter

Objectively scorable item formats designed to measure knowledge are still the most common approaches to assessment in today's classrooms. These formats include multiple-choice, matching, true-false, fill-in-the-blank, and short answer. Research suggests some good rules for writing traditional test questions, but most of our guidance comes from consulting experts. Many examples of real-world tests are provided and critiqued, and an assessment for assessing the quality of traditional tests is provided.


After studying this chapter, you should be able to

  • Identify the relative frequency with which teachers use the various approaches to classroom assessment
  • Describe the various formats of paper-and-pencil assessment questions
  • Apply recommended guidelines for composing traditional paper-and-pencil test items
  • Analyze the quality of real-world paper-and-pencil assessments
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