Modern Classroom Assessment offers an applied, student-centered guide to the major research-based approaches to assessment in today's modern classroom. Rather than simply list basic assessment formats with a few examples, as many textbooks do, award-winning professor and scholar Bruce Frey's book fully explores all five key approaches for teacher-designed assessment—Traditional Paper-and-Pencil, Performance-Based Assessment, Formative Assessment, Universal Test Design, and Authentic Assessment —while making abstract concepts and guidelines clear with hundreds of real-world illustrations and examples of what actual teachers do. Offering a variety of engaging learning tools and realistic stories from the classroom, this text will give any reader a strong foundation for designing modern assessments in their own classrooms.

Basic Assessment Strategy: Categories of Learning, Objectives, and Backward Design

Basic assessment strategy: Categories of learning, objectives, and backward design

Looking Ahead in this Chapter

This chapter presents traditional and more contemporary systems of classification for possible levels of student learning, including the simple but very useful old standby, Bloom's Taxonomy. Methods and suggestions for producing measurable, observable objectives are provided, and a useful approach to making assessment choices, which focuses on what a teacher decides are the most important things to teach, called backward design, is explored.


After studying this chapter, you should be able to

  • List the stages of Bloom's Taxonomy of levels of understanding
  • List the stages or categories of other frameworks for classifying understanding
  • Create high quality instructional objectives that are linked to high quality classroom ...
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