Modern Classroom Assessment offers an applied, student-centered guide to the major research-based approaches to assessment in today's modern classroom. Rather than simply list basic assessment formats with a few examples, as many textbooks do, award-winning professor and scholar Bruce Frey's book fully explores all five key approaches for teacher-designed assessment—Traditional Paper-and-Pencil, Performance-Based Assessment, Formative Assessment, Universal Test Design, and Authentic Assessment —while making abstract concepts and guidelines clear with hundreds of real-world illustrations and examples of what actual teachers do. Offering a variety of engaging learning tools and realistic stories from the classroom, this text will give any reader a strong foundation for designing modern assessments in their own classrooms.

The Language of Classroom Assessment

The language of classroom assessment

Looking Ahead in this Chapter

By getting comfortable with seven key terms and concepts in classroom assessment, we can begin to understand almost all there is to know in the world of teacher-made tests.


After studying this chapter, you should be able to

  • Define:
    • validity
    • reliability
    • construct
    • objective scoring
    • subjective scoring
    • norm-referenced
    • criterion-referenced
  • Explain the different categories of validity evidence
  • Explain the different categories of reliability evidence
  • List common statistical methods for estimating validity and reliability
  • Explain key professional standards and ethics for classroom assessment

“Oh, Stewardess … I can speak jive.”

Mrs. Schiff (Barbara Billingsley), the movie Airplane!

There are seven basic terms, some technical jargon, which are thrown around time and time again in this book. These seven words are representative of the language of measurement and, more ...

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