Modern Classroom Assessment offers an applied, student-centered guide to the major research-based approaches to assessment in today's modern classroom. Rather than simply list basic assessment formats with a few examples, as many textbooks do, award-winning professor and scholar Bruce Frey's book fully explores all five key approaches for teacher-designed assessment—Traditional Paper-and-Pencil, Performance-Based Assessment, Formative Assessment, Universal Test Design, and Authentic Assessment —while making abstract concepts and guidelines clear with hundreds of real-world illustrations and examples of what actual teachers do. Offering a variety of engaging learning tools and realistic stories from the classroom, this text will give any reader a strong foundation for designing modern assessments in their own classrooms.

Standardized Tests

Standardized tests

Looking Ahead in this Chapter

Standardized tests are meant for large-scale assessment and are norm-referenced. They are produced following structured procedures and often use specialized, “standardized” scores. In addition to common standardized tests, examples of statewide “No Child Left Behind” tests are discussed. The ethics involved when preparing students to do well on standardized tests are presented.


After studying this chapter, you should be able to

  • Define standardized tests
  • Describe the steps involved in creating standardized tests
  • List the validity and reliability issues for standardized tests
  • Interpret Z scores, T scores, percentile ranks, stanines, and other common standardized scores
  • Provide examples of real-life statewide standardized tests
  • Evaluate the ethics of “teaching to the test” and other test preparation issues

From about 100 years ago:

The importance of these new standards ...

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