Modern Classroom Assessment offers an applied, student-centered guide to the major research-based approaches to assessment in today's modern classroom. Rather than simply list basic assessment formats with a few examples, as many textbooks do, award-winning professor and scholar Bruce Frey's book fully explores all five key approaches for teacher-designed assessment—Traditional Paper-and-Pencil, Performance-Based Assessment, Formative Assessment, Universal Test Design, and Authentic Assessment —while making abstract concepts and guidelines clear with hundreds of real-world illustrations and examples of what actual teachers do. Offering a variety of engaging learning tools and realistic stories from the classroom, this text will give any reader a strong foundation for designing modern assessments in their own classrooms.

Making the Grade

Making the grade

Looking Ahead in this Chapter

Just like with classroom assessment, there are different philosophies and approaches to assigning grades. Teachers make their decisions about the best grading approach based on concerns about validity, reliability, and their professional values.


After studying this chapter, you should be able to

  • Identify and distinguish different grading philosophies
  • Identify the characteristics of the five different assessment approaches that relate to grading choices
  • Develop a grading plan that is valid and reliable

Stories from the Classroom

Mr. Delatorre and Mrs. McGuiness Get Philosophical

Mr. Delatorre walked into the teachers' lounge during lunch break and heard Mrs. McGuiness asking about last night's parent-teacher conferences. Mrs. McGuiness said, “Some of my parents last night wanted different things from my grading system. One parent actually ...

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