Modern Classroom Assessment offers an applied, student-centered guide to the major research-based approaches to assessment in today's modern classroom. Rather than simply list basic assessment formats with a few examples, as many textbooks do, award-winning professor and scholar Bruce Frey's book fully explores all five key approaches for teacher-designed assessment—Traditional Paper-and-Pencil, Performance-Based Assessment, Formative Assessment, Universal Test Design, and Authentic Assessment —while making abstract concepts and guidelines clear with hundreds of real-world illustrations and examples of what actual teachers do. Offering a variety of engaging learning tools and realistic stories from the classroom, this text will give any reader a strong foundation for designing modern assessments in their own classrooms.

Test Accommodations

Test accommodations

Looking Ahead in this Chapter

Though the philosophy of universal design supports a goal of the same test form for all, there are times where the more valid approach, the fairer approach, is to allow for accommodations, small changes in how a test is administered. This chapter explores the legal, ethical, and practical issues of giving some students a changed or completely different version of a test. Many examples of common real-world accommodations are presented.


After studying this chapter, you should be able to

  • Identify the legal and ethical issues of accommodations
  • Explain the reasoning behind accommodations
  • Summarize the research on the use of accommodations
  • List some common guidelines for when to provide accommodations
  • Provide examples of how accommodations are used in the real world

Stories from the ...

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