Modern Classroom Assessment offers an applied, student-centered guide to the major research-based approaches to assessment in today's modern classroom. Rather than simply list basic assessment formats with a few examples, as many textbooks do, award-winning professor and scholar Bruce Frey's book fully explores all five key approaches for teacher-designed assessment—Traditional Paper-and-Pencil, Performance-Based Assessment, Formative Assessment, Universal Test Design, and Authentic Assessment —while making abstract concepts and guidelines clear with hundreds of real-world illustrations and examples of what actual teachers do. Offering a variety of engaging learning tools and realistic stories from the classroom, this text will give any reader a strong foundation for designing modern assessments in their own classrooms.

Universal Test Design

Universal test design

Looking Ahead in this Chapter

The modern classroom assessment approach of universal test design is presented. Universal design of assessment is based on the principle that all classroom assessment should be equally valid and accessible to every student. Validity and reliability issues relevant to universal test design are explored. Examples and guidelines for applying universal design in a real-life classroom are presented.


After studying this chapter, you should be able to

  • Define universal design and universal test design
  • Summarize the principles of universal design and universal test design
  • Provide examples of how universal design principles are applied in real classrooms
  • Evaluate the extent to which universal design principles have been applied in a given classroom assessment

Stories from the Classroom

Ms. Clark Believes Variety is the ...

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