Modern Classroom Assessment offers an applied, student-centered guide to the major research-based approaches to assessment in today's modern classroom. Rather than simply list basic assessment formats with a few examples, as many textbooks do, award-winning professor and scholar Bruce Frey's book fully explores all five key approaches for teacher-designed assessment—Traditional Paper-and-Pencil, Performance-Based Assessment, Formative Assessment, Universal Test Design, and Authentic Assessment —while making abstract concepts and guidelines clear with hundreds of real-world illustrations and examples of what actual teachers do. Offering a variety of engaging learning tools and realistic stories from the classroom, this text will give any reader a strong foundation for designing modern assessments in their own classrooms.

Constructed-Response Items and Scoring Rubrics

Constructed-response items and scoring rubrics

Looking Ahead in this Chapter

Constructed-response items require students to supply an original answer they create themselves. While this is the common approach for all performance-based assessment, in this chapter we focus on using it to measure knowledge and understanding, not skill or ability, by focusing on essay questions and writing assignments. We conclude with a modern way to assess essay answers and indeed all constructed-response items, the scoring rubric.


After studying this chapter, you should be able to

  • Describe constructed-response items
  • Identify some advantages of constructed-response items for assessment
  • Identify the characteristics of a good essay question
  • Describe scoring rubrics and how to create them

Stories from the Classroom

Ms. Merz Gets a Call from a Parent

Angie got her test ...

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