This comprehensive resource examines five major models of professional development and how they can be implemented and tailored to meet the multifaceted needs of any school or district.

Collaborative and Cooperative Models: The Pursuit of Synergy

Collaborative and cooperative models: The pursuit of synergy

Doing everything in a group would drive me crazy. But some things absolutely require collective inquiry and action.

—our reflective observer

We move now to models distinguished by cooperative study by small groups or the entire school or district faculty.


Again, we remind ourselves about the tiny investment in professional development and the consequent limitations of the small allotments of time for either professional development or school improvement activities. We also remind ourselves of the nature of the workplace of educators. Individual educators are assigned space and students, and in most schools the space is physically separated from that of the other educators. Teachers' work is autonomous for the most part. Because they ...

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