What relationship exists between minority status and crime? Is this relationship generalizable across different societies? Many western nations are becoming concerned with the problem of crime in general and, in particular, the role of minority groups, be they political refugees, guest workers, immigrants, or native ethnic and racial minorities. A unique cross-cultural exploration. Minorities, Migrants, and Crime highlights the empirical realities of crime and these under-studied populations. Each international expert from the United States or Europe surveys national statistical facts and research as well as political and theoretical debates critical to the issues. Revealing a number of surprising similarities and differences, original chapters examine law enforcement priorities, punishment philosophy and practices, and media coverage against the backdrop of contemporary thought and facts about race, ethnicity, migrants, crime, and criminal justice in the United States. Offering an in-depth examination of international perspectives, Minorities, Migrants, and Crime adds a viewpoint crucial to the law and policy making currently taking place in the United States. Minorities, Migrants, and Crime features state-of-the-art research in the international arena of criminal justice. A thought-provoking read, this book will prove to be an ideal resource for researchers, academics, and students in criminology, criminal justice, corrections, policing, sociology, ethnic studies, policy studies, international studies, immigration studies, and public administration.
Chapter 9: Minorities, Crime, and Criminal Justice in the Netherlands
Minorities, Crime, and Criminal Justice in the Netherlands
The Netherlands is a small European country with a population of 15.5 million; it is densely populated. Its traditionally industrial and agricultural economy is gradually developing into a transport and service economy. The Netherlands is a typical example of a continental welfare state that provides welfare and medicaid for the poor, state pensions for the elderly, unemployment and medical disability benefits, guaranteed minimum wages, extensive social housing, and subsidies and rent control.
AUTHOR'S NOTE. I wish to thank Frank Bovenkerk for allowing me to draw on Dutch publications written in collaboration with him, and Siep Miedema for reading an earlier draft of this chapter.
Given that the Dutch welfare state suffers ...